“pedestrian-oriented city designs can decrease transportation emissions per household by 24 to 50 per cent.”
“Replacing short vehicle trips with active transportation could significantly reduce air pollution because emissions are highest when a car is first started. It is estimated that 90% of the emissions in a typical 11-kilometre trip are generated in the first 1.6 kilometres, before the engine warms up.”
Developing a Pan-Canadian Physical Activity Framework: Consultation and Engagement Summary Report. Presented to: Federal, Provincial and Territorial Physical Activity and Recreation Committee. The Conference Board of Canada, March 2017. The report feeds into a Pan-Canadian Framework for Physical Activity being considered by the sport physical activity, and recreation ministers (federal-provincial-territorial) at a meeting in Winnipeg in July 2017. Active transportation and changes to the built environment feature prominently as means of increasing everyday physical activity
Towards a National Active Transportation Strategy (federal/municipal): FINAL REPORT. Report on a Federal/Municipal Workshop, February 13, 2008 — Ottawa, Ontario. Prepared for Transport Canada By Noxon Associates Limited, March 2008.
Toward a National Active Transportation Strategy (FPT): FINAL REPORT, Report on a Federal/Provincial/Territorial Workshop, October 5, 2007 — Toronto, Ontario. Prepared for Transport Canada By Noxon Associates Limited, November 2007
Active Transportation in Canada: A resource and planning guide. Prepared for Transport Canada by Ecoplan International. 2011.
Active Transportation. Policy Statement, Canadian Medical Association. 2009 statement calls for all levels of government to commit to long-term plans for developing active transportation networks, benchmark progress, and require that active transportation be part of all infrastructure renewal projects
First National Bike Summit, June 2017. Canada Bikes. Impact report.
Obesity A Whole-of-Society Approach for a Healthier Canada, Report of the Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology, March 2016. The report says the federal government should provide funding for “infrastructure that enables, facilitates, and encourages an active lifestyle.” The Senate Committee also calls on the federal health minister to engage the provinces in “discussions about infrastructure requirements for communities that encourage active transportation.” Citing Green Communities Canada, the report says "Walking was described as an intervention with the greatest potential at the population level to have an impact on health, obesity, and physical inactivity.” GCC is quoted: “It’s a national issue, a national crisis, and the federal government does have a very important leadership role to play within a collaborative context.”
Active Travel Toolkit. Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment, 2017. Page includes other AT and transit-related resources. Addresses policy as well as health benefits, advice for physicians to give their patients.
Canadian Motor Vehicle Traffic Collision Statistics, 2014. Transport Canada. The five-year average 2010-14 of traffic fatalities in Canada by road user class: pedestrians 15.3%, (310); cyclists 2.8% (57). Together, their share of fatalities is on a par with automobile passengers. A national AT strategy is needed as part of an initiative to reduce these numbers to zero.
National Cycling and Walking Infrastructure Fund Proposal. Members of the Federal Active Transportation Coalition. November 2016. Recommended a dedicated annual federal AT infrastructure fund of 694 M.
No Place to Grow Old: How Canadian Suburbs can Become Age Friendly, Glenn Miller, Institute for Research on Public Policy, March 2017. Urban form and community design are the neglected element in age friendly policies.
CitiesforEveryone.org. Makes the connection between freedom from car dependence (access to AT, transit) and true affordability. If you have to own and operate a car for every adult in the household, it's not affordable.
2014 Home Location Preference Survey: Understanding where GTA residents prefer to live and commute. Pembina Institute and the Royal Bank of Canada. "81 of homeowners prefer walkable, transit friendly neighbourhoods, even if it means trading a large house and yard for a modest house."
National Scan of Actions to Address the Relationship between Built Environments, Physical Activity and Obesity. Background paper, Chronic Disease Prevention Alliance of Canada, 2006. Recommends that CDPAC participate in "collaborative work" that will "support efforts to improve built environments for physical activity. These include national and provincial/ territorial/municipal action to:
Benefits of Active Transportation. Alberta Centre for Active Living.
Cycling and Walking Investment Strategy . Department for Transport, UK.